The International Women’s Day, formerly called Working Women’s Day, due to the decision of the UN to institutionalize it in 1975, commemorates the struggle of women for their participation, on an equal with men, in the society and in their full development as a person. It is celebrated on March 8.
The first celebration of International Women’s Day took place on March 19, 1911 in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, and its commemoration has since been extended to many countries.
In 1972 the General Assembly of the United Nations declared 1975 the International Year of Women and in 1977 invited all States to declare, in accordance with their historical traditions and national customs, a day as International Day for the Rights of Women and International Peace.
First celebration of International Women’s Day
As a result of the decision adopted in Copenhagen the previous year, International Women’s Day was celebrated for the first time on March 19, 1911 in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, with speeches attended by more than one million people , which demanded for women the right to vote and to hold public work, the right to work, professional training and non-discrimination at work.
Centenary of International Women’s Day
In 2011, the Centenary of International Women’s Day was celebrated. The UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, also known as UN Women.
International Women’s Day has acquired throughout the twentieth century a global dimension for the women of the world. The international movement in defense of the rights of women is growing and is reinforced by the United Nations that has held four world conferences on women and has contributed to the commemoration of International Women’s Day as a point of convergence of women’s rights in activities in favor of the rights of women and their participation in political and economic life.
First International Women’s strike
On March 8, 2017, coinciding with International Women’s Day, the First International Women’s Strike was carried out by women’s organizations from more than 50 countries to make visible sexist violence in all its forms and expressions: sexual, social, cultural, political and economic.