jueves, junio 4, 2020

‘Falles’ our World Heritage

The origin of ‘Falles’ dates back to the old tradition of the carpenters of the city, who on the eve of the feast of their patron Saint Joseph, burned in front of their workshops, in the streets and public squares, the junk together with the wooden contraptions that they used to raise the lamps that illuminated them while they worked in the winter months. For that reason the day of ‘la cremà’, moment in which the monuments burn, always coincides with the 19th, Festivity of Saint Joseph.

‘Falles’ were evolving and taking on a critical and ironic sense, being shown especially in the monuments scenes that reproduced censurable social facts.

About 1870 the popular festivities such as Carnival and ‘Falles’ were harshly persecuted. This pressure caused that in 1885 a movement arose in defense of the typical traditions, awarding the magazine “La Traca” prizes to the best monuments. This fact caused the competition between the neighbours and gave rise to the birth of the artistic ‘falla’, where criticism did not disappear, but aesthetic concern predominated.

In 1901, the City Council of Valencia, awarded the first municipal awards to the best ‘falles’. This was the beginning of the merger between the people and the political power, evolving with huge steps this popular party in number, structure and organization.

In 1929, the first poster contest was created to promote the festivity and in 1932 ‘la semana fallera’ was established. It was in these years when ‘Falles’ became the biggest festivity of the Valencian Country, arriving at the present time to burn more than seven hundred ‘falles’ between large and small, only in the city of Valencia.

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