The Valencian Country or the Valencian Community is an autonomous community of Spain. It is the fourth most populated after Andalusia, Catalonia and Madrid with more than 4.9 million inhabitants. It is often homonymously identified with its capital Valencia, which is the third largest city of Spain. It is located along the Mediterranean coast in the south-east of Spain. It borders with Catalonia to the north, Aragon and Castile–La Mancha to the west, and Murcia to the south. It is formed by the provinces of Castellón, Valencia and Alicante.
According to its Statute of Autonomy, the Valencian people are defined as a nationality. Their origins date back to Catalan-Aragonese colonization of the Moorish Taifa of Valencia, after it was taken by James I of Aragon in 1238 during the Reconquest. The newly founded Kingdom of Valencia was granted wide self-government under the Crown of Aragon with the promulgation of its Furs (Charter) in 1261. Valencia experienced its golden age in the 15th century, becoming the economic and cultural centre of the Crown and contributing with the most important works of Catalan medieval literature. Self-government continued after the unification of the Spanish Kingdom, but was eventually suspended in 1707 by Phillip V of Spain and the Nova Planta decrees as a result of the Spanish War of Succession. Valencian nationalism resurged towards the end of the 19th century, giving way to the modern conception of the Valencian Country. Self-government under the Generalitat Valenciana was finally reestablished in 1982 after Spanish transition to democracy.
The Valencian people speak Valencian, accounting for a third of all Catalan speakers. Historically, Valencian has suffered from political repression and an ongoing diglossia that favours Spanish. Since it regained official status in 1982, Valencian has been implemented in public administration and the education system, leading to an exponential increase in knowledge of its formal standard. However, its social use continues to be threatened by Spanish due to migration from other parts of Spain, especially in the cities of Valencia and Alicante. Furthermore, the linguistic conflict continues to be pressing, with some groups opposing the official standard based on Catalan orthography.
Valencia is a highly industrialized country, with a strong tourism sector and a remarkable agricultural sector, which is is the reason why its economy is the fourth largest among the Spanish autonomous communities, generating 9.6% of GDP Spanish.
Valenciancountry.com is an English-language independent magazine with news about Valencian Country. It has been linked from the outset with Diari Millars with whom it shares content.
The project began in 2016 as a free newspaper with the momentum of journalists Santiago Calaforra and Rubén Soto.
The idea of the project was to create a magazine about the Valencian Country in English in order to fill the void of the market in this respect and adressed to those tourists and foreign residents living in the Valencian Country, as well as those Valencians interested in reading and improving their English.